What is Geology? Geology is an Earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes they change over time. Geology can also include studying the solid features of planets or natural satellites such as Mars or the Moon. Modern geology significantly overlaps all other Earth sciences, including hydrology and the atmospheric sciences, and so is treated as one significant aspect of integrated Earth system science and planetary science.
One of the most well-known geologists is Charles Darwin, famous for his theory of evolution in biology. Geology deals with Earth's natural activities, and students in this area of study can be expected to participate in research, field mapping, and sampling. In geology programs, students spend time in the classroom, and they also get a chance to work outdoors.
Nine thousand four hundred geological and Earth sciences degrees were awarded to students in the United States in 2020. There are over one million people in America who work in geological sciences.
Geology Jobs: Types of Geologists and Where They Work
Many geologists specialize in discovering and mining natural resources, ranging from essentials like water and minerals to luxury items such as precious metals and gemstones. Some geologists are soil scientists who can optimize soil quality, while others concentrate on locating and extracting energy sources such as crude oil and natural gas.
Geologists may also be involved in extracting lithium and other materials used in technological devices, and they often specialize in reducing environmental pollution.
Marine geologists study the ocean floor, river and lake basins, and coastal areas. Astrogeologists help with space exploration efforts by comparing Earth's environment with that of other planets and suns, moons, stars, and asteroids, and their work may someday facilitate space colonization.
Here is a list of occupations you may work as with a geology degree.
Sedimentologist or soil scientist
Astrogeologist or planetary geologist
Science teacher or Professor
Natural history or natural science museum curator
To get into a Geology program, contact us at Nevalliance.
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